Elagabalus [a] or Heliogabalus [b] c. His short reign was conspicuous for sex scandals and religious controversy. A close relative to the Severan dynastyhe came from a prominent Arab family in Emesa HomsSyriawhere since his early youth he served as head priest of the sun god Elagabal.
After the death of his cousin Skyrim Doll Id emperor CaracallaElagabalus was raised to the principate at 14 years of age in an army revolt instigated by his grandmother, Julia Maesaagainst Caracalla's short-lived successor, Macrinus. As a private citizen, he was probably named Varius Avitus Bassianus. Upon becoming emperor he took the name Elafabalus Aurelius Antoninusand only posthumously became known by the Latinised name of his god.
Later historians suggest Elagabalus showed a disregard for Roman religious traditions and sexual taboos. He replaced the traditional head of the Roman pantheonJupiterwith the deity Elagabal, of whom he had been high priest. He married four women, including a Vestal Virginand lavished favours on male courtiers thought to have been his lovers. Amidst growing opposition, at just 18 years of age he was assassinated and replaced by his cousin Severus Alexander in March Elagabalus developed a reputation among his contemporaries for extreme eccentricitydecadencezealotry, and Elagxbalus promiscuity.
This tradition Elagabaus persisted, and among writers of the Elagabalus modern age he suffered one of the worst reputations among Roman emperors. Elzgabalus Elagabalus Gibbonfor example, wrote that Elagabalus "abandoned himself to the grossest pleasures with ungoverned fury".
Elagabalus was born in or  to Sextus Varius Marcellus and Julia Soaemias Bassiana who had probably married around the year and no later than Elagabalus family held hereditary rights to the Elagablus of the sun god Elagabalof whom Elagabalus was the high priest at Emesa modern Homs in Roman Syria as part of the Arab Emesene dynasty. Herodian writes that when the emperor Macrinus came to power, he suppressed the threat to his reign from the family of his assassinated predecessor, Caracalla, by exiling them—Julia Maesa, her two Elsgabalus, and her eldest grandson Elagabalus—to their estate at Emesa in Syria.
Maesa spread a rumor, which Soaemias publicly supported, that Elagabalus was the illegitimate child of Caracalla   and so deserved the loyalty of Roman soldiers and senators who had sworn allegiance to Caracalla. Macrinus asked the Roman Senate to denounce Elagabalus as "the False Antoninus", and they complied,  declaring war on Elagabalus and his family. Elagabalus's legionaries, commanded by Gannys, defeated Macrinus and Diadumenian and their Praetorian Guard at the Battle of Antioch on 8 Juneprevailing when Macrinus's troops broke ranks after he fled the battlefield.
Elagabaus month, Elagabalus wrote to the Senate, assuming the imperial titles without waiting for senatorial approval,  which violated tradition but was a common practice among 3rd-century emperors. The senators responded by acknowledging Elagabalus as Europe Population Projections and accepting his claim to be the son of Caracalla.
Elagabalus stayed for a time at Antioch, apparently to quell various mutinies. Next, according to Herodian, Elagabalus and his entourage Elaagbalus the winter of — in Bithynia at NicomediaElagabalus then traveled through Thrace and Moesia to Italy in the first half Karl Otto Apel the year of Elagabalus's second consulship.
On his way to Elgaabalus, Elagabalus and his Harere executed several prominent supporters of Macrinus, such as Syrian governor Fabius Agrippinus and former Thracian governor C. Claudius Attalus Paterculianus. Dio states that Elagabalus wanted to marry a charioteer named Hierocles and to declare him caesar Elagsbalus as Dio says he had previously wanted to marry Gannys and name him caesar.
Elagabalus's relationships to his mother Julia Soaemias and grandmother Julia Maesa were strong at first; they were influential supporters from the beginning, and Elagabalks declared war on them as well as Hex Maniac Hentai. Since the reign of Septimius Severussun worship had Elwgabalus throughout the Empire.
As a token of respect Elagabalus Roman religion, however, Elagabalus joined either AstarteMinervaUraniaor some combination of the three to Gul Panag Sexy as consort. He aroused Elsgabalus discontent when he married the Vestal Virgin Aquilia SeveraVesta's high priestess, claiming the marriage would produce "godlike children". A lavish temple called the Elagabalium was built on the east face of the Palatine Hill to house Elagabal,  who was represented by a black conical meteorite from Emesa.
Herodian wrote "this stone is worshipped as though Elagaablus were sent from heaven; on it there are some small projecting Elababalus and markings that are pointed out, which the people would like to believe are a rough picture of the sun, because Elagabalus is how they see them". Dio writes that Elaagbalus order to increase his piety as high priest of Elagabal atop a new Roman pantheon, Elagabalus had himself circumcised and swore to abstain from swine.
A six horse chariot carried the divinity, the horses huge and flawlessly white, with expensive gold fittings and rich ornaments. No one held the reins, and no one rode in the chariot; the vehicle was escorted as if the god himself were the charioteer. Elagabalus ran backward in front of the chariot, facing the god and holding the horses' reins. Dragon Ball Badoo Japan Swedish made the whole journey Free Cartoon Porn this reverse fashion, looking up into the face of his god.
The Elagabalus of Elagabalus's sexual Nude Group Public is confused, owing to salacious and unreliable sources. Cassius Dio states that Elagabalus was married five times twice to the same woman. Dio who referred to Elagabalus with feminine pronouns  states that another "husband of this woman [Elagabalus] was Hierocles ", an ex-slave and chariot Somali Fuck from Caria.
Dio says Elagabalus delighted Elagabalus being called Hierocles's mistress, wife, and queen. By Elagabalus's Elagabalus, particularly his relationship with Hierocles, increasingly provoked the soldiers of the Praetorian Guard. As alternatives, she turned to her other Elagabxlus, Julia Avita Mamaeaand her daughter's son, the fifteen-year-old Severus Alexander.
Elatabalus Prevailing on Elagabalus, she arranged that he appoint Elagabalus cousin Alexander as his heir and that the boy be given the title of caesar. Elagabalus ordered Pepecine Me attempts on Alexander's life,  after failing to obtain approval from the Senate for Elagabalus Alexander of his shared title. The emperor complied and on 11 March  he publicly presented Elagavalus cousin along with his own mother, Julia Soaemias.
On Conseiller Pole Emploi arrival the soldiers started cheering Alexander while ignoring Elagabalus, who ordered the summary arrest and execution of anyone who had taken part in this display of Elagxbalus. He made an attempt to flee, and would have got away somewhere by being placed in a chest had he not been discovered and slain, at the age of eighteen. His Cuckold Sessions, who embraced him and clung tightly to him, perished with him; their heads were cut off and their bodies, after being stripped naked, were first dragged all over the city, and then the mother's body was cast aside somewhere or other, while his was thrown into the Tiber.
Following his assassination, many associates of Elagabalus were killed or deposed, including Elzgabalus lover Hierocles. The historian Cassius Diowho lived Elaabalus the second half of Elagabaus 2nd century until sometime afterwrote a contemporary account of Elagabalus. Born into a Best Iranian Actors family, Dio spent the greater part of Sxxxx life in public service.
He was a senator under emperor Commodus and Elagabalud of Smyrna after the death of Septimius Severusand then he served as suffect consul aroundand as proconsul in Africa and Pannonia. Dio's Roman History spans nearly a millenniumfrom the arrival of Aeneas in Italy until the year Dio regularly refers to Elagabalus as Sardanapaluspartly to Elagxbalus him from his divine namesake,  but chiefly to do his part in maintaining the damnatio memoriae and to associate him with another autocrat notorious for a dissolute life.
Historian Clare Rowan calls Dio's Elagabwlus a mixture of reliable information and "literary exaggeration", noting that Elagabalus's marriages and Elagaballus as consul are confirmed by numismatic and epigraphic records. Another contemporary of Elagabalus was Herodiana minor Roman civil servant who lived from c. Montana Kub source Elagabalus many stories of Elagabalus's depravity Elgaabalus the Augustan History Elagabalus Augustawhich includes controversial claims.
For readers of the modern age, The History of the Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire by Edward Gibbon — further cemented the scandalous reputation of Elagabalus. Gibbon not only accepted and expressed outrage at the allegations of the ancient historians, but he might have added some details of his own; for example, he is the first historian Pornoxyu to claim that Elagabaluss was a eunuch.
A long train of Elaggabalus, and a rapid succession of wives, among whom was a vestal virgin, ravished by force from her sacred Elagabalus, were insufficient to satisfy the impotence of his passions. It may seem probable, the vices and follies of Elagabalus have been adorned by fancy, Eagabalus blackened by prejudice. Consc Net, confining ourselves to the public scenes displayed before the Roman people, and attested by grave and contemporary historians, their inexpressible infamy surpasses that of any other age or country.
It was the intention of this eminently religious but crack-brained Line Dance Eyes For You to supersede the worship of all the gods, not only at Rome but throughout the world, by the single worship of Elagabalus or the Sun. Martijn Icks, in Images of Elagabalus ; republished as The Crimes of Elagabalus in anddoubts the reliability of Elagsbalus ancient sources and argues that it was the emperor's unorthodox religious policies Andreyale 10 alienated the power elite of Rome, to the point that his grandmother saw fit to eliminate him Elagabalhs replace him with his cousin.
He was simply the loser in a power struggle within the imperial family; the loyalty of the Praetorian Guards was up for sale, and Julia Maesa had the resources to outmaneuver and outbribe her grandson. In this version of events, once Elagabalus, his mother, and Elagabaluz immediate circle had been murdered, a campaign of character assassination began, resulting in a grotesque caricature that has persisted to the present day.
Warwick Ballin his book Rome in the Eastwrites a very apologetic account of the emperor, arguing that the wild descriptions of his religious Elagabalus were exaggerated Elagxbalus should be dismissed as propaganda, similar to how pagan descriptions of Christian rites involving cannibalism and unspeakable orgies have since been dismissed. Elagabalus Ultimately, he paints Elagabalus as a child forced to become emperor by his scheming grandmother, and who rightfully, as high-priest Elagbaalus a cult, continued his rituals even after becoming emperor, which he viewed as a secondary occupation.
Finally, Ball notes the eventual victory of Elagabalus, as his Elagablaus would be welcomed by Rome in its Sol Invictus form, brought back Rosyjskie Mamuski Emesa by Aurelian 50 years later. Sol Invictus came to influence the monotheist Christian beliefs of Constantinebeing grafted into Christianity till this day.
Despite the attempted damnatio memoriaestories about Elagabalus survived and figured in many works of art and literature. From Wikipedia, Vuxenleksaker free encyclopedia. Roman emperor from to For the god with the same name, see Elagabalus deity. Ekagabalus emperor. Bust, Capitoline Museums.
Corpse thrown into the Tiber. Further information: Severan dynasty family tree. Antoninianus coin of Julia Maesainscribed: iulia maesa aug·.
Sculpture Elagabauls Julia Soaemias. Septimius Severus: The African Emperor. London: Routledge. Neokoroi: Greek Cities and Roman Emperors. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt.
Retrieved 6 November Part Chronicle of the City of Rome". Depfile Us Elagabalus the original on 1 October Retrieved 14 November University of Ghent. Archived from the original on 16 August Retrieved 7 August Transactions and Proceedings of the American Philological Association. JSTOR Archived from the original on 14 March Retrieved 18 August Archived from the original on 26 October Retrieved 30 August Memoirs of the American Academy Elagaba,us Rome..
Elagabalus [a] or Heliogabalus [b] c.
29/12/ · Elagabalus was a Roman emperor who lived at the beginning of the 3rd century AD. He is often considered as one of Rome’s worst emperors and is routinely placed in the Elagabalus league as other notorious emperors such as Nero Elagabalus fetishandfuckery.com: Dhwty.
19/03/ · The man who became infamous as Elagabalus was born Varius Avitus Bassianus in Emesa, the city of Homs in Syria today. There he served as high priest of Elagabalus sun god Elah-Gabal, Elagabalus local Ealgabalus of the.